Supply Management relies on three pillars: import controls, live price controls and production controls.
Chicken Farmers of Canada need to safely predict how much will be imported into the Canada in order to determine how much chicken is needed domestically. This is achieved through the use of tariff rate quotas with effective over-quota tariffs to control imports of chicken products.
Every eight weeks, chicken farmers collectively negotiate a minimum live price with processors. The live price is normally based on the live price in other provinces and the cost of production. This ensures BC chicken farmers receive a fair price without the need for subsidies. Farmers do not set wholesale or retail prices.
Farmers plan their production to provide a steady supply of quality food, preventing sudden price shifts. We use a quota system to ensure there are no surpluses or shortages of chicken. Quota is an amount of chicken, expressed in live weight, which a grower may produce every 8 weeks. On average, each bird produced in BC represents 1.929 kg of live weight quota. The BC Chicken Marketing Board owns all broiler chicken quotas in BC.
Every sixteen weeks farms, processors, further processors and members of the restaurant and food service sector meet to determine market requirements and set national production levels. Once the national production level is set, Chicken Farmers of Canada gives each province an allocation. The BC Chicken Marketing Board allocates this volume among BC quota holders.
In BC we have two types of quota: mainstream and specialty
Mainstream quota includes broilers, roasters and Cornish hens derived from a commercially available broiler chicken stock including Hubbard ISA, Cobb Vantress or Ross Breeders.
Specialty quota includes Asian specialty breeds including Silkie and Taiwanese.
For more information on specialty Asian chicken, please see the specialty Asian page.